Wet Age Related Macular Degeneration
Reason for visiting the clinic:
75 year old female experiencing a sudden decrease in vision in right eye - central vision seems very blurry and distorted.
Right Eye: 20/200
Left Eye: 20/40
Right Eye: Bleeding with elevation of the retina in the macula region of the right eye
Left Eye: Drusen in the macula area
Right Eye: Wet (or neovascular) Age Related Macular Degeneration
Left Eye: Mild Dry Macular Degeneration (see previous post for more information)
Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) images of a normal eye and one with wet macular degeneration:
Urgent Referral to ophthalmology for further treatment. This typically involves using drugs (Lucentis, Avastin, EyeLea) that stop the tiny blood vessels that have developed in the back of the eye from leaking or bleeding any further. It also helps to prevent new blood vessels from forming.
While the injection of these medications into the eye will work to slow or stop the loss of vision, they cannot bring back any vision that has been lost.
About 10% of patients with dry ARMD will progress to the wet form of AMD.
A person with wet ARMD will typically have vision much worse then compared to someone with the dry form of ARMD. With the above example there is a major difference with how this person sees from their right eye (20/200, wet ARMD) compared to their left eye (20/40, dry ARMD).
Who is most at risk?
These four factors increase a persons risk of developing wet macular degeneration.
For more information:
See our previous post on Dry Age Related Macular Degeneration here